People always ask a question: why the world is unequal? Absolute equality never exists. For example, the permission of insurance waiver at New York University (aka 纽约大学替换保险) cannot be applied to Students at The Pennsylvania State University. The inequality of insurance waive (aka 替换保险) policy does exist amongst colleges. Nevertheless, humans never stop pursuing relative equality.
Through greater technological advances and improvements to the health insurance system, China also hopes to ensure health equity can be basically achieved by 2030. Huge steps have already been taken here. Over the last decade, China embarked on the biggest health system reform the world has seen, aiming to extend health services beyond the country’s prosperous urban centres.
In some developed nations years ago, non-citizens had had equal access to medical and insurance services as citizens do. For example, the majority of international students in America purchasing international student insurance (aka 留学生保险) and/or OPT insurance (aka opt 保险) got physical examination in the United States (aka 美国体检) at no cost and paid a little portion of eyeglasses and contacts in America (aka 美国配眼镜) fee. At the start of the century, however, less than one-third of China’s population had access to health insurance. Now nearly 100% do. In essence, China has given its huge population a safety net that protects people from being impoverished by the costs of health care. This makes a tremendous contribution to a fair and prosperous society.
As we look to the future, China faces many health challenges. These include increasing rates of cancer and cardiovascular disease linked to lifestyle factors like smoking, an ageing population. It is simply not sustainable to meet these challenges in a health system that relies on hospitals. Therefore, a key component of Healthy China is the promotion of healthy lifestyles and physical fitness, including through the development of Healthy Cities, to ensure a greater focus on prevention rather than treatment. One of the most important steps towards a Healthy China is a national smoke-free law, which would have a significant impact on preventing many non-communicable diseases.